Five Models of Teacher-Centered Professional Development (2022)

Five Models of Teacher-Centered Professional Development

A look at five models of teacher-centered professional development (PD) that are used well in low-income countries and that offer alternatives to the duopoly of workshops and the cascade approach.

November 26, 2014 by Mary Burns, Education Development Center

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5 minutes read

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Five Models of Teacher-Centered Professional Development (1)

Earlier this year I wrote a series of posts critiquing the hegemony of the cascade (train-the-trainers) approach (here, here and here) and promoting teacher centered professional development. In the spirit of “better-late-than-never,” I return again to this theme of teacher-centered professional development. Specifically, what are some models of teacher-centered professional development? What are some alternatives to duopoly of workshops and the cascade approach? To answer such questions, this post offers five models of teacher-centered professional development (PD) that I’ve seen used well in (all but one) low-income countries.

1. Observation/Assessment

In this model, the professional development provider—a master teacher in a school, a specialist, perhaps a very experienced teacher colleague—observes teachers in their classrooms, assessing their instructional practices and providing structured feedback. This model of PD may be used as a support measure following workshops or periodically throughout the school year as a form of peer coaching (Sparks & Loucks-Horsley, 1989). Using something as simple as a spreadsheet graph, a trained observer can provide an immediate visual snapshot of a teacher’s performance, as we did in one EDC project in Indonesia, and combined with per coaching observation/assessment can help teachers refine specific areas of practice.

2. Open Classrooms

Teachers want to see other teachers in action. In an open classroom model, teachers create lessons and invite colleagues to observe the lesson and provide feedback in a post-observation session.

The focus of open classroom is on teacher behavior. I first saw an open classroom in action in Azerbaijan in 2003 and have used this model in every face-to-face professional development program I’ve designed since (and with success in India, United States and Indonesia). When the observation is followed by structured discussion and information sharing, watching more skilled colleagues in action, it benefits both parties— those conducting the lesson and those observing (Gaible & Burns, 2007).

3. Lesson Study

Lesson study is a well-studied and highly successful form of professional development—if teachers are provided the time, support, resources and skilled facilitation needed to make it a success. Lesson study has been used as a dominant form of professional development in Japan for years. Japan’s curriculum focuses in depth on fewer curriculum topics and Japanese educational culture has a longer tradition of outside observers in classrooms.

In lesson study, teachers collaboratively plan, develop, or improve a lesson; field test the lesson in a classroom; observe it; make changes; and collect data to see the impact of the lesson on student learning. This usually occurs over a period of months.

Lesson study has been shown to be a proven way of enhancing teachers’ design and instructional skills (Stigler & Hiebert, 1999). However, there is a fairly high entry barrier: It is extremely comprehensive, focusing on all aspects of instruction, and is therefore time- and resource-intensive. It demands that teachers have foundational skills in all aspects of teaching. It also demands that professional development providers be skilled across a range of areas (content, instructional design, knowledge of instructional and assessment models). Oftentimes, implementing educational organizations or consulting firms do not have staff with such developed skills, and thus often deem lesson study “impractical” for poor countries— but in fact designing lessons is a core teacher competency.

4. Study Groups

Teachers benefit from formal discussions and interactions with peers around critical issues. In study groups teachers collaborate, as a single large group or in smaller teams, to study a particular issue with the goal of solving a common problem or creating and implementing a plan to attain a common goal. The study—the reading, discussion, writing and reflection, led by a skilled facilitator—is the key component of a study group. During the study process they may use print-based resources, classroom materials (such as work created by students) and their experiences as part of their approach to the problem.

5. Looking at Student Work

“Looking at Student Work” (LASW) is a model of teacher collaborative self-study and formative assessment that focuses on examining student work and assessing the way the teacher designed the particular activity being reviewed. Having participated in LASW activities as an instructional coach in urban schools in the United States, I saw firsthand the power of teachers collaboratively examining student’s work. Linking it back to how students learn, and how the lesson was designed, and then restructuring lessons based on this information is a key component.

This type of professional development uses highly structured protocols that make the examination of student work non-threatening and keep the focus off what the teacher did or did not do and instead on evidence of student learning.

The LASW folks have a great step-by-step website, which, though dated, provides more information for interested readers.

Pedagogies of Patience and Perseverance

What makes these forms of professional development teacher-centered and worthy options (ceteris paribus—all things being equal) for developing countries?

First, they start from where the teacher is in terms of his/her practice and offer planning, modeling, supervision and support that are differentiated and individualized. Next, they focus on the core behaviors of teaching—how students learn, how to design lessons that really target student learning, and the best ways to teach those lessons—all within the context of schools and classrooms. Third, they are active—eschewing the usual sitzprobe professional development sessions and involving teachers in the hard work of thinking about how students learn and how they themselves teach, and designing learning experiences that bridge the two. Fourth, they are highly structured, iterative and support based so that teachers can plan, practice, receive feedback and improve what they do.

Finally, these models build professional learning communities in which teachers, “enlisting colleagues to help them critique and improve implementation of a particular idea or strategy, can customize, personalize, and adapt new skills and concepts to their particular setting” (Burns, 2011: 190).

The community-based aspect of the above models can reinforce and institutionalize many of the main points learned in professional development workshops and indeed can increase, not just the human capital of teachers, but the social capital of schools. A recent U.S. study of “knowledge spillovers” among teachers, indicates that teachers who interact regularly with higher performing peers often improve their performance as a result (Jackson & Bruegmann, 2009).

The above models represent a shift in the psychology, pedagogy and pace of current paradigms of professional development. These models recognize that professional learning for teachers is iterative and developmental and that change occurs not at twitch-speed but at a much more evolutionary pace. They also show that instruction and support for teachers must be characterized by perseverance, practice and patience if we want teacher learning to be deep and sustained.

Mary Burns is a senior technology specialist and a professional development specialist at Education Development Center (EDC).

References:

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Quality teaching

(Video) WISE 2012 Spotlight: Teacher-Centered Professional Development, by Ms. Mary Burns

November 28, 2014 by Leandra Lok

Interesting overview which connects to a research I did in Cambodia about using video clubs, a way of professional development which is often used and researched in other countries. Please let me know if you are interested in the first results, which will be published hopefully early next year.

November 30, 2014 by Tracy Rosen

In reply to video clubs by Leandra Lok

Leandra,
I would like to read about your results. What is the video club about?
You can contact me via twitter @tracyrosen - thanks!

Professional development can be so much more than it is in many of our schools and centres in Quebec - looking to change that! :)

January 07, 2015 by Victorio N. medrano

In reply to video clubs by Leandra Lok

No comment yet

November 28, 2014 by Leandra Lok

Interesting overview which connects to a research I did in Cambodia about using video clubs, a way of professional development which is often used and researched in other countries. Please let me know if you are interested in the first results, which will be published hopefully early next year.

(Video) Is Your Professional Development Teacher-Centered?

November 28, 2014 by Leandra Lok

Interesting overview which connects to a research I did in Cambodia about using video clubs, a way of professional development which is often used and researched in other countries. Please let me know if you are interested in the first results, which will be published hopefully early next year.

November 28, 2014 by Mary Burns

Hi Leandra,

I would love to see your research. You can email it to me at mburns [at] edc
[dot] org. Thanks for reaching out.

Mary

November 30, 2014 by caroline

Mary Burns very insightful article
but how about bringing the industry specialists to teach the practical so as to bridge the gap between theory and practice for example I would love to have the marketing gurus come into my class with their practical skills in marketing

(Video) How to do the Design Thinking Process?

November 30, 2014 by Sharifun Nahar Rani

Dear Leandra, I would like to know what is the video club about? I am very much interested to read about your research. Thank you

March 07, 2015 by Rhoda Koenig

Dear Mary,

Your piece, I believe, defines the vision that will ultimately enable us to get teacher professional development right. Pedagogies of patience and perseverance (love the alliterative lilt), are vital shifts needed everywhere, but particularly in areas where public education is the only healthy way out of lives circumscribed by poverty.

The small pilot study I am now doing in Maasailand, Kenya, is a promising entry level to teacher-centered professional development in the teaching of early grade reading and writing in an area of extreme scarcity. My approach and materials, which promote higher-level thinking and self-direction, engage teachers in practices grounded in the proverb ...If a person is hungry, teach her/him to fish... This touch stone goes a long way toward clarifying and motivating a shift away from traditional rote learning.

Demonstration lessons embedded in the context of a 6-part model of instruction; supported group practice; guided classroom implementation; individual cognitive coaching sessions dedicated to reflection & lesson planning and teacher-initiated collaborative work were implemented during a 6-week period. Literacy coaches were trained during the 6-week period as well. Their job is to sustain our model of instruction, student- teacher transactions, and coaching support for a minimum of 3 terms.

Given the early success indicators of this project, I would welcome the opportunity to share the details of my program www.creatingmasterteachers.com with you.

Thank you.

March 07, 2015 by Rhoda Koenig

Dear Mary,

Your piece, I believe, defines the vision that will ultimately enable us to get teacher professional development right. Pedagogies of patience and perseverance (love the alliterative lilt), are vital shifts needed everywhere, but particularly in areas where public education is the only healthy way out of lives circumscribed by poverty.

(Video) Co-Teaching & Teacher Collaboration

The small pilot study I am now doing in Maasailand, Kenya, is a promising entry level to teacher-centered professional development in the teaching of early grade reading and writing in an area of extreme scarcity. My approach and materials, which promote higher-level thinking and self-direction, engage teachers in practices grounded in the proverb ...If a person is hungry, teach her/him to fish... This touch stone goes a long way toward clarifying and motivating a shift away from traditional rote learning.

Demonstration lessons embedded in the context of a 6-part model of instruction; supported group practice; guided classroom implementation; individual cognitive coaching sessions dedicated to reflection & lesson planning and teacher-initiated collaborative work were implemented during a 6-week period. Literacy coaches were trained during the 6-week period as well. Their job is to sustain our model of instruction, student- teacher transactions, and coaching support for a minimum of 3 terms.

Given the early success indicators of this project, I would welcome the opportunity to share the details of my program www.creatingmasterteachers.com with you.

Thank you.

May 04, 2018 by Jacob

Dear Mary, thank you for your write up on PD and for some fresh insights too. I believe in your research and practice you have come across a lot of work done on PD for school teachers. I was wondering if you have found anything on PD for College Teachers. I am currently working on my doctoral dissertation in this area and seem to have come to a bind with very few articles talking about such a concept in the current scenario. Will be grateful for you inputs. Jacob

May 24, 2019 by Phillips O.

Hi Mary, I am inspired by your insightful knowledge and deliberations on teacher professional development. I am working with a humanitarian agency in Uganda that is now designing a project aimed at building capacity of teachers in IDPs schools and refugee camps in the West Nile region of Uganda. It is quite a difficult situation having teachers handling larger population of vulnerable and traumatized people. Would you mind engaging with you more on how best a teacher training program can be designed and tailor-made for teachers in IDPs schools and refugee camps?

May 29, 2019 by Mary Burns

In reply to Default Subject by Phillips O.

Hi Phillips, Thank you for reaching out. Feel free to contact me at mburns [at] edc [dot] org and I will see how we might help. Cheers, Mary

April 16, 2020 by Anjum Younmis

In open class room model it has many deficiencies like: lake of concentration, less use and arrangement of AV aids difference in grade of classes the technique or models may differ according to class level.

(Video) Teacher Activity Groups: an effective model for professional development?

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FAQs

What are the 5 teaching models? ›

The Model Explained
  • ENGAGE. In the first phase of the learning cycle, the teacher works to gain an understanding of the students' prior knowledge and identify any knowledge gaps. ...
  • EXPLORE. ...
  • EXPLAIN. ...
  • ELABORATE. ...
  • EVALUATE.

What are the 5 characteristics of an effective teacher as a professional? ›

Some qualities of a good teacher include skills in communication, listening, collaboration, adaptability, empathy and patience. Other characteristics of effective teaching include an engaging classroom presence, value in real-world learning, exchange of best practices and a lifelong love of learning.

What are the five standards that teachers should know and do in the area of professional development? ›

Professional development best practices frequently include these five core features: integrated content & pedagogy; coherence with standards and policies; active learning opportunities; mentoring/coaching/apprenticing; and individual learning.

What is teacher-centered model? ›

Sometimes called the “Sage on the Stage” style, the teacher-centered model positions the teacher as the expert in charge of imparting knowledge to his or her students via lectures or direct instruction. In this setting, students are sometimes described as “empty vessels,” listening to and absorbing information.

What is the 5E model lesson plan? ›

One approach to inquiry science is the 5E instructional model (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate). The 5E model is a planning tool for inquiry teaching that provides a structure for students to connect science ideas with their experiences and apply their learning to new contexts.

When was the 5E model developed? ›

The 5E Instructional Model

Bybee (1997) declares that “using this approach, students redefine, reorganize, elaborate, and change their initial concepts through self-reflection and interaction with their peers and their environment.

What is the most important contribution that a teacher can make in the classroom? ›

What is the most important contribution that a teacher can make in the classroom? They avoid stagnation at all costs and maintain an desirable passion for children and the learning process.

What makes effective teachers effective? ›

Although there are many different ways to teach effectively, good instructors have several qualities in common. They are prepared, set clear and fair expectations, have a positive attitude, are patient with students, and assess their teaching on a regular basis.

Why is professional development important for teachers? ›

The more professional development teachers get, the more likely students are to succeed. Whether it is a workshop, a conference, or a meeting, all new teachers should take part in some form of professional development to set themselves up for success.

How can the standards for professional teachers improve the quality of teachers in the Philippines? ›

demonstrate good subject and curriculum knowledge, fostering and maintaining pupils' interest and addressing misunderstandings. plan and teach well-structured lessons, imparting knowledge and developing understanding through effective use of lesson time to promote a love of learning.

Why are professional development and standards important for a teacher in the Philippines? ›

This set of standards makes explicit what teachers should know, be able to do and value to achieve competence, improved student learning outcomes, and eventually quality education. It is founded on teaching philosophies of learner-centeredness, lifelong learning, and inclusivity/inclusiveness, among others.

What are the five characteristics of learner centered teaching? ›

Engaging students, teaching problem-solving skills, getting students to think about thinking, allowing students to have control, and encouraging collaboration are all characteristics of learner-centered teaching.

Which of the following is an example of teacher centered method? ›

In Teacher-Centered Instruction, students put all of their focus on the teacher. teachers talk, and the students exclusively listen. A typical Presentation – Practice – Production (PPP) lesson tends to be teacher-centered, as the teacher leads the activity and provides necessary information.

What are the benefits of using 5E model in classroom instructions? ›

Teachers use the 5E Model of Instruction to sequence lessons and activities which provide best first instruction for all students. Through this process they emphasize opportunities to personalize learning.

How can you apply the 5E model of instruction in teaching mathematics? ›

The 5Es—engage, explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate—parallel the pattern of problem-solving used by scientists and mathematicians to tackle real-life problems: They engage with the materials, explore possibilities through experimentation, explain and elaborate on their observations, and evaluate their new ...

Do you think 5E model is effective in teaching math? ›

Final Thoughts

The 5-E model lesson has become my favorite lesson format for my students because it provides lots of opportunities for math talk and allows students the opportunity to construct their own understanding of a concept. It also takes the focus off of me and makes student learning front and center.

How do you make a 5E lesson plan? ›

Using the 5E Approach to lesson plan will help you fully engage your students in learning. By following the 5 steps - engage, explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate - your students will be encouraged to share their learning with others and discover ideas, concepts, and strategies together.

What is Evaluate in 5E model? ›

During the Evaluation Phase, students self-evaluate their learning on the science topic. Teachers also have an opportunity to evaluate student learning via formal summative assessments and informal formative assessments.

Who discovered the 5E model? ›

Who developed the 5E model? o The Biological Science Curriculum Study (BSCS), a team led by Principal Investigator Roger Bybee, developed the instructional model for constructivism, called the "Five Es".

What strategies can a teacher apply to strengthen the relationship between school and community? ›

The following strategies are designed to promote your school and gain more community support from a variety of stakeholder groups.
  • Write a Weekly Newspaper Column.
  • Have a Monthly Open House/Game Night.
  • Thursday Lunch With the Parents.
  • Implement a Greeter Program.
  • Have Monthly Potluck Lunch.
  • Recognize Teacher of the Month.
28 Jul 2019

What is the importance of teachers especially in supporting students from hard lessons? ›

Teacher provide guidance to students of all types. Teachers are able to see each child's strengths and weaknesses and can provide assistance and guidance to either get them up to speed or push them higher.

What are the things should be improved in the professional life of teachers? ›

Areas of Growth for Teachers
  • Self-evaluation.
  • Pedagogical learning.
  • Adaptability.
  • Communication.
  • Organization.
  • Innovation.
  • Leadership.
  • Continuous learning.
7 Dec 2021

Why is it important for teachers to be good role models? ›

Teachers are key role models, who can influence the attitudes, values and behaviours of their pupils. A positive role model serves as an example–inspiring children to live meaningful lives. Teachers are a constant presence in a child's life. They influence children as much as—if not even more than—parents do.

What role does teacher modeling play in an effective classroom management system? ›

For classroom management-related instruction, the most effective teachers rely on modeling more than any other strategy. Because showing students what you expect is infinitely more powerful, more meaningful, and more memorable than voice instruction will ever be—by a long shot.

Why should the teacher need to possess these essential skills and qualities? ›

By adopting good teaching skills, every teacher can make a difference in their little way. The art of teaching is not just about having immense knowledge in your area of expertise, but also about possessing certain personal skills that inspire and influence the lives of students.

How teachers can improve their teaching? ›

7 Ways That Teachers Can Improve Their Lessons
  • Use ICT tools and digital game-based learning.
  • Differentiate between students.
  • Use the flipped classroom model.
  • Encourage cooperative learning.
  • Communicate with colleagues.
  • Communicate with parents.
  • Create a welcoming environment.
  • Conclusion.
7 Sept 2021

How can we make teaching/learning effective? ›

Here is a list of effective teaching habits that can help you develop your skills:
  1. Enjoy the field of education. ...
  2. Create a positive learning environment. ...
  3. Connect with students. ...
  4. Be prepared. ...
  5. Manage a weekly schedule. ...
  6. Use clear language. ...
  7. Set reasonable expectations. ...
  8. Adapt to different circumstances.

How can teachers maintain a focus on teaching and learning? ›

These include: Essential questions, which are used to determine the goal of lessons. Activating strategy, which is a method teachers use to get students excited about and connecting the content to their own lives. Relevant vocabulary, which refers to using vocabulary that students understand.

What is the benefit of professional development? ›

Employees will also become better workers through professional development. By learning the right skills for their career, employees will be more productive and efficient, thus helping the business for which they work succeed. Finally, professional development can open the doors to new opportunities for employees.

Why is it important to understand the value of teacher identity and professional development? ›

The teachers' recognition of their identities in practice leads to a sense of agency and empowers teachers to achieve their intended goals and transform the teaching context (Beauchamp & Thomas, 2009 ). ...

What is effective professional development? ›

We define effective professional development as structured professional learning that results in changes in teacher practices and improvements in student learning outcomes.

How can PPST help you achieve your personal and professional growth? ›

The PPST basically relevance to Technology for Teaching and Learning by set the clear expectations of teachers along well-defined career stages of professional development from beginning to distinguished practice. To engage teachers to actively embrace a continuing effort in attaining proficiency.

What are the ways to ensure high standards of teachers personal and professional development? ›

Keys to Improving Teacher Professional Development
  • Focus on Feedback and Reflection. To improve professional development for teachers, there must be clear focus on the groups attending and what their needs are. ...
  • Model Best Practices. ...
  • Set Relevant Goals. ...
  • Make it Interactive.
10 Sept 2019

What are the things that deped must improve in terms of delivering quality education? ›

Put classroom-running and curriculum-building decisions in the hands of the community.
  • Acknowledge and address overcrowding. ...
  • Make funding schools a priority. ...
  • Address the school-to-prison pipeline. ...
  • Raise standards for teachers. ...
  • Put classroom-running and curriculum-building decisions in the hands of the community.
7 Apr 2019

How does professional development improve student learning? ›

Research shows that professional development leads to better instruction and improved student learning when it connects to the curriculum materials that teachers use, the district and state academic standards that guide their work, and the assessment and accountability measures that evaluate their success.

How can the standards for professional teachers improve the quality of teachers? ›

demonstrate good subject and curriculum knowledge, fostering and maintaining pupils' interest and addressing misunderstandings. plan and teach well-structured lessons, imparting knowledge and developing understanding through effective use of lesson time to promote a love of learning.

What are the 5 method of teaching? ›

6 effective teaching methods and how to use them
  • Online learning. ...
  • Experiential learning. ...
  • Differentiation. ...
  • Blended learning. ...
  • Game-based learning. ...
  • Student-centred learning.
27 Oct 2021

What are the 5 teaching approaches? ›

The five major approaches are Constructivist, Collaborative, Integrative, Reflective and Inquiry Based Learning ( 2C-2I-1R ). “…

What definition can you give to define learner-centered teaching explain your answer? ›

Learner-centered teaching methods shift the focus of activity from the teacher to the learners. These methods include: Active learning, in which students solve problems, answer questions, formulate questions of their own, discuss, explain, debate, or brainstorm during class.

What are the characteristics of teacher centered teaching? ›

In teacher-centered education, students put all of their focus on the teacher. You talk, and the students exclusively listen. During activities, students work alone, and collaboration is discouraged.

Which method is teacher Centred method of teaching? ›

In teacher-centered learning — the more traditional or conventional approach — the teacher functions in the familiar role of classroom lecturer, presenting information to the students, who are expected to passively receive the knowledge being presented.

Which method is mostly used in a teacher-centered teaching? ›

Using Various Instructional Methods: Although the lecture is the most common method used in the teacher-centered approach, research has shown that students learn more when lectures are supplemented with other activities such as discussions, small-group work, and hands-on activities.

What are the types of teaching models? ›

The models which belong to this family are :
TEACHING MODELINNOVATOR
1-Concept Attainment Model 2-Inductive ModelBruner, Hilda Taba
Inquiry Training ModelRichard Suchman
Biological Science Inquiry ModelJoseph J. Schwab
Advance Organizational ModelDavid Asubel
1 more row
28 Nov 2013

What are teaching models? ›

Model of Teaching A model of teaching is a plan or pattern that can be used to shape curricula, to design instructional materials & to guide instruction in the class room & other setting.

What are the 4 models of effective teaching? ›

The 4 major teacher evaluation models and what they can do
  • The Value-Added Model (VAM) In basic terms, VAM measures how a certain teacher contributes to the progress of their students. ...
  • Teacher observations. ...
  • The Framework Model. ...
  • The Marzano Focused Teacher Evaluation Model.
29 Oct 2018

How many teaching models are there? ›

While there are many teaching models, some basic ones are direct instruction, lecture, cooperative learning, inquiry-based learning, seminar and project-based learning. Teaching models are methods of teaching or underlying philosophies that guide teaching methods.

What are teaching models of what importance are teaching models in instruction? ›

Teaching models can help students increase their social efficiency, personal talents, cognitive skills, and behavioral features. It facilitates the selection and stimulation of conditions that result in the desired changes in learners. They enable scientifically establishing teaching and learning links.

What do you mean by teaching model explain with example? ›

Models of teaching refer to different models that help the teachers to hone their teaching skills. This allows the teachers to facilitate the overall learning curve of students. There are several models, and these help them to develop an effective course curriculum for long-term and short-term courses.

What is the best model of teaching? ›

4 Effective Learning Models for Students
  • Hands-on learning activities. Students often thrive when given the opportunity to create something on their own. ...
  • Collaborative projects. With collaborative projects, students get the chance to work with one another toward a common goal. ...
  • Experiential learning. ...
  • Direct instruction.

What are the models? ›

A model can come in many shapes, sizes, and styles. It is important to emphasize that a model is not the real world but merely a human construct to help us better understand real world systems. In general all models have an information input, an information processor, and an output of expected results.

What is importance of model? ›

Models are useful tools in learning science which can be used to improve explanations, generate discussion, make predictions, provide visual representations of abstract concepts and generate mental models (Treagust, Chittleborough and Mamiala, 2003).

What are the basic teaching model? ›

A Basic Teaching Model

The four parts of the model represent the basic divisions. Box A denotes Instructional objectives, Box B includes Entering behavior, Box C deals with instructional procedure, and finally Box D relates to performance assessment.

What is the aim of the model of teaching? ›

Thus, a model of teaching provides guidance to the teacher as well as to the students to attain the goal of instructions. 2. Developing curriculum:- A model of teaching helps in the development of curriculum for different course at different levels of education, which is functionally transacted by the teacher.

What are the characteristics of model of teaching? ›

6 characteristics of teaching that help students be successful
  • Active learning techniques. ...
  • Great learning environment. ...
  • Clear communication. ...
  • Good relationship between teacher and student. ...
  • Critical thinking. ...
  • Problem solving.
16 Nov 2021

Why is it important to follow a model of instruction? ›

An instructional model can unite school leaders, teachers, and students with shared goals, a shared understanding of how to reach the goals, and a shared vocabulary for discussing progress. A poorly planned implementation process, however, can cause rifts that take years to heal.

Who is a model teacher? ›

Model Teachers are highly skilled educators with a passion and drive to improve the instructional quality of their schools. By extending their impact as teachers and lead learners in the school community, Model Teachers promote local effective instructional practices that are beneficial for diverse groups of students.

Videos

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