Fun programming projects for beginners and beyond [2021] (2022)

(• Reading Time: 11 minutes •)

The secret to becoming an efficient coder is to build projects.

But don't just jump into any project as a beginner software developer.

Instead, start small.

Build your confidence then expand the scope of the project. I've received a lot of questions on what projects to start with.

So I have one goal: to solve the problem of finding a project once and for all!

Two sections of developer project ideas

I've divided this list of programming project ideas into two parts.

  1. In part 1, I hand pick and also create new programming projects for beginners. You can jump on them in any programming language of your choice – Python, JavaScript, Java, C++, whatever you favorite language is.
  2. In part 2, I put together a list of lists. After going through a ton of online programming project lists, I selected only the most useful ones that other developers created and categorized them here.

This list of programming projects covers multiple programming languages from tech leaders committed to helping others.

And the projects span both beginner and beyond beginner levels.

You'll find Python programming project ideas, Javascript projects, Java projects, ideas for mobile app development (android and iOS), and more.

Different formats, too.

You'll find written project as well as youtube tutorials on project ideas if you prefer video over text.

Let's get to it.

Before you you build any programming project

You have to learn the basics.

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Fun programming projects for beginners and beyond [2021] (1)

Skip this and you'll have a shaky foundation as a developer. And this will hold you back for a long time.

No matter the level of mastery you hope to get to, you'll need to know how to:

  • declare variables
  • collect user input
  • store information
  • repeat an action through loops
  • write functions to repeat blocks of code

That's it.

Of course there's more to learn in any programming language you focus on, but these are standard things you need to know and they'll be good enough for you to jump into beginner projects.

There's that tempting feeling that you need to finish lots of Python tutorials before you work on any project.

Don't do it.

Many fall into the trap of learning back to back Python tutorials waiting to feel super ready. Instead, learn the basics first. Next, build some tiny projects. Then return to learning with more tutorials.

Trust me, you can finish 100 Python tutorials and still feel you're not ready to build any projects.

Studying alone is not enough.

You need to build.

How to use programming projects

  • First, read through the instructions and make sure you understand what you've read. Try to say what you read in your own words.
  • Attempt to solve it on your own without going through the YouTube tutorial or example code on Github. You'll most likely struggle. That's fine. Push yourself. This is the idea of deliberate practice from Behavioral Psychology.
  • If you haven't made any progress at all, watch the YouTube tutorial where available then look through the example code. You can also search online to see more example tutorials and Python code for the same problem.
  • After going through, go back and try to write the code by yourself without looking at the tutorial. Again, push yourself. This is grit also from Behavioral Psychology. You need it.
  • Whatever you do, do not blindly copy out the code in the tutorial, then pat yourself on the back. You may finish quickly but the reality is you haven't learned anything.
  • If you feel you're completely stuck after lots of attempts, take a break. When you step away, we know from Neuroscience research that your subconscious will continue the learning. This is because your mind has shifted from focused mode to diffused mode.
  • Whenever you solve something, celebrate it! You need the positive reinforcement to build internal references that you did it. In the future when your mind whispers “you can't do it” during a moment of doubt, you'll reply “that's not true, here's proof of what I did in the past so I can do this too”.
  • Repeat, repeat, repeat.

You can use this breakdown for any programming project in any language. It works.

Now, lets get into the projects for beginner programmers and junior developers.

Part 1 - Programming projects for beginners and junior developers

  1. Odd or even
  2. Mad Libs Game
  3. Word Count
  4. Biography info
  5. What's my acronym?
  6. Rock, Paper, Scissors
  7. Guess the number
  8. Is a palindrome
  9. Email slicer
  10. Lyrics generator

Odd or even

Welcome a user then ask them for a number between 1 and 1000.

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When the user gives you the number, you check if it's odd or even and then you print a message letting them know.

Mad libs game

Ask the user for an input.

This could be anything such as a name, an adjective, a pronoun or even an action. Once you get the input, you can rearrange it to build up your own story.

Here's a youtube tutorial on mad libs in Python.

Fun programming projects for beginners and beyond [2021] (2)

Word count

Ask the user what's on their mind. Then after the user responds, count the number of words in the sentence and print that as an output.


  • Prompt: what's on your mind today?
  • Input: well, it's just a day for me to be an expert in coding
  • Output: oh nice, you just told me what's on your mind in 13 words!

Biography info

Ask a user for their personal information one by one. Then check that the information they entered is valid. Finally, print a summary of all the information they entered back to them.

Example: What is your name? If the user enters * you prompt them that the input is wrong. And ask them to enter a valid name. At the end you print a summary like that looks like this:

- Name: John Doe- Date of birth: Jan 1, 1954- Address: 24 fifth Ave, NY- Personal goals: To be the best programmer there ever was.

What's my acronym?

Ask the user to enter the full meaning of an organization or concept and you'll provide the acronym to the user. For example:

  • Input -> As Soon As Possible.

    • Output -> ASAP.
  • Input -> World Health Organization.

    • Output -> WHO.
  • Input -> Absent Without Official Leave.

    • Output -> AWOL.

Rock, Paper, Scissors

This is a popular hand game played between two people. Each player gets to form one of three shapes using their hand:

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  • rock (a closed fist)
  • paper (a flat hand)
  • scissors (a fist with the index finger and middle finger extended, forming a V)

Here's a youtube tutorial on coding up rock-paper-scissors in Python.

Fun programming projects for beginners and beyond [2021] (3)

Guess the number

You ask a user to guess a number between 1 and 50.

If they guess outside that range, you prompt with an error encouraging them to choose a number within the proper range.

Whenever they guess the wrong number you ask if they want to keep playing or they'd like to quit.

Finally, when the user eventually guesses the right number you congratulate them and show the number of attempts they had.

Here's a youtube tutorial on coding up guessing a number in Python.

Fun programming projects for beginners and beyond [2021] (4)

Is a palindrome

Ask the user to give you five words. Then check if each of the five words is a palindrome.

A palindrome is a word that remains the same whether it's read forward or backward.


  • madam is a palindrome.
  • so is malayalam.
  • But not geeks.

Here's a youtube tutorial on coding up a palindrome checker in JavaScript.

Fun programming projects for beginners and beyond [2021] (5)

Email slicer

Collect an email address from the user and then find out if the user has a custom domain name or a popular domain name. For example:

  • Input:

    • Output: Hey Mary, I see your email is registered with Google. That's cool!.
  • Input:

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    • Output: Hey Peter, looks like you've got your own custom setup at MyFantasy. Impressive!.

This is one of the convenient python projects that has a lot of use in the future. The program helps get you the username and domain name from an email address. You can even customize the application and send a message to the host with this information.

Lyrics generator

Ask a user to choose from a list of 10 songs. When the user does, you print out the lyrics to the song they selected.


Welcome, please select a select a song from this top 10 songs:1. Baby by Bieber2. Hotline Bling by Drake3. Flawless by Beyonce4. Fall by Eminem...
You chose Flawless by Beyonce. Here you go:------- Flawless by Beyonce ------------I'm out that H, town coming coming downI'm coming down, drippin' candy on the groundH, Town, Town, I'm coming down, coming downDrippin' candy on the ground...Press * to choose again.

Part 2 - Programming projects for beginner+

Use these coding projects to boost your skills beyond beginner levels.

If you’re completely new to the world of programming, this section is not for you. Instead, follow the beginner section above and use these tips on where to start as an absolute beginner to programming.




Mobile app development (Android/iOS)

For aspiring game developers

Programming overall

Closing out

Working on these projects, you might hit a road block and get completely discouraged. When that happens, turn to these stories of developers from all kinds of backgrounds who made it to motivate yourself to keep going.

As you progress in your programming career, you'll occasionally stumble on periods where you feel completely lost.

That's okay – use this guide for beginners and junior developers and why do you want to be a developer to put you back on track.

Software development is a challenging field.

But if so many others have done, you too can do it.

Thanks for reading

  • FREE Cheatsheet: I help new programmers and junior devs focus on what matters instead of endless trial and error. If you're interested in boosting your confidence and skills, checkout our free cheatsheet.
  • Follow on Twitter: Have a question, I'm most active on Twitter – feel free to reach out to me. My DM is open.

Heads Up - I love research so I tend to back my advice and approach with concepts from Behavioral Psychology and Neuroscience.


What are some fun programming projects? ›

Top 9 Coding Projects for Beginners
  • Build a Simple Application. ...
  • Develop a Basic Game Using JavaScript. ...
  • Create a Simple Tool. ...
  • Build a Basic Website Using HTML and CSS. ...
  • Contribute to an Open-Source Project. ...
  • Develop Your Own Chess Game in Java. ...
  • Create Your Own Calculator. ...
  • Build a Slideshow With JavaScript.
5 Aug 2022

How do you get ideas for programming projects? ›

Here are a few ways to come up with side project ideas:
  1. Reflect on your day-to-day. Often the best ideas come from one's own experiences. ...
  2. Ask your friends. ...
  3. Explore emerging platforms. ...
  4. Browse Product Hunt. ...
  5. Explore GitHub. ...
  6. Turn a feature into a standalone product . ...
  7. Go to a hackathon. ...
  8. Read the internet.

What to code when you are bored? ›

  • 7 Things to Build When You Feel Bored as a Programmer. It's always a great time to learn new things and improve your skills. ...
  • Self-Driving Lego Car. Photo by Praveesh Palakeel on Unsplash. ...
  • Catalog App. Photo by Hilthart Pedersen on Unsplash. ...
  • Sudoku. Source. ...
  • Classification of Cars. ...
  • 2D Game. ...
  • Progressive Web App. ...
  • Big Data.
7 May 2020

What project can I do with C++? ›

Top 7 C++ Project Ideas for Beginners
  • Employee Management System. One of the best project ideas for C++ as a beginner is the employee management system. ...
  • Trading Software. ...
  • Security Systems. ...
  • Tic-Tac-Toe. ...
  • Hospital Management System. ...
  • Billing System. ...
  • GPA Calculator.
27 Sept 2022

What is the most fun coding? ›

Python is often thought to be one of the most fun programming languages to learn. There are many great reasons why this is the case. Python is written using a syntax that is extremely clear, readable, and accessible.

What is a good first programming project? ›

Creating a to-do list is a great beginner programming project that can be completed in just about any programming language. Completing a to-do list in JavaScript is a great beginner project for anyone interested in web development. Your to-do list will need to allow users to add, complete, and delete tasks.

How do I get mini project ideas? ›

Mini Project Ideas For Engineers
  1. Circuit Diagram for Dual-Voltage Rechargeable Torch Light Line Follower.
  2. Circuit diagram for GPS On ATmega.
  3. Circuit of pc-based gps receiver.
  4. Simple low power inverter circuit.
  5. LPG Leakage Detector Circuit.
  6. Geyser Timer Circuit.
  7. Automatic Off Timer For CD Players circuit.

What not to do in coding? ›

So if you're just starting out, remember that these common missteps.
  1. Endlessly research technologies without spending time actually writing code. ...
  2. Treat learning to code like studying for a test. ...
  3. Let problems in your code pile up endlessly without checking if it's actually working. ...
  4. Learn to code in isolation.

Should I code as a hobby? ›

It Will Make You Better At Your Job

The main reason coding is such a great job for some people is because they really love to do it. For most people, having a dream job is unrealistic or often can't make you as much money as you might hope. However, if you love to code, there is no better job out there.

Can you code as a hobby? ›

Studies show that for the majority of truly successful professional programmers coding is more than just a job, it is also their hobby.

Do C++ jobs pay well? ›

C++ developers make $106,028 per year on average, or $50.98 per hour, in the United States.

Can I get job with only C++? ›

Job opportunities: C++ is a very popular coding language, and millions of programmers use it in companies all over the world. This means that there are often many work opportunities for skilled C++ programmers.

Do scientists use C++? ›

C and C++ are proving to be efficient when it comes to data science applications. The world of data science usually resides in high-level, declarative programming languages. Python is one such example among the various programming languages, that is extensively used in data science.

Which project is best for students? ›

  • Reading/Writing Projects. Students read, comprehend and interpret specific books, novels, plays, poems, etc., often around themes. ...
  • Information-Data Organizing Projects. ...
  • Major Investigation Projects. ...
  • Design Projects. ...
  • Problem Solving/Decision Making Projects. ...
  • “Argumentation” Projects. ...
  • Real World, Authentic Projects.

What are some good personal projects? ›

Here are 20 project ideas to keep your creativity flowing and increase your career potential:
  • Play the stock market. ...
  • Volunteer in your community. ...
  • Identify long-term goals and make a plan. ...
  • Build an app. ...
  • Join community theater or a speech club. ...
  • Start a journal. ...
  • Design a website. ...
  • Meditate.

What projects are successful? ›

Successful projects are those that 1) meet business requirements, 2) are delivered and maintained on schedule, 3) are delivered and maintained within budget, and 4) deliver the expected business value and return on investment.

Which code is the hardest? ›

C++ C++ is considered to be one of the most powerful, fastest, and toughest programming languages. It can be used for a variety of purposes and carries out the same efficient and robust programs.

Who is the smartest coder in the world? ›

In January 2022, he achieved a historic rating of 3979 on Codeforces, becoming the first to break the 3900 barrier.
Gennady Korotkevich.
Gennady Korotkevuly
Known forProgramming prodigy; highly ranked sport programmer from an early age
AwardsCodeforces peak rating 3979 (22 January 2022)
5 more rows

Which country is famous for coding? ›

China: China is home to some of the fastest-growing tech companies in the world, producing 4.7 million tech graduates every year. Chinese coding and programming opportunities provide great resources for professionals to boost their careers.

Why is C++ so hard? ›

C++ is hard to learn because of its multi-paradigm nature and more advanced syntax. While it's known to be especially difficult for beginners to learn, it's also difficult for programmers with no experience with low-level languages.

Is HTML easier than Python? ›

Is HTML or Python Easier? Both HTML and Python are easy to learn and master. It's hard to choose which one is easier because they have different functions and applications.

What is the fastest code? ›

C++ is one of the most efficient and fastest languages. It is widely used by competitive programmers for its execution speed and Standard Template Libraries(STL). Even though C++ is more popular, it suffers from vulnerabilities like buffer error. C++ executes at more or less the same speed as its predecessor C.

How do I start programming with no experience? ›

How to get a programming job with no experience
  1. Improve your coding skills. ...
  2. Create a portfolio. ...
  3. Build your online presence. ...
  4. Network with other programmers. ...
  5. Earn certifications. ...
  6. Take part in coding challenges or competitions. ...
  7. Write a strong resume. ...
  8. Build projects.
12 May 2022

What should a beginner coder start with? ›

As a beginner, you may want to start with a language that doesn't use data structures or algorithms. If that's the case, HTML or CSS are great places to start. But languages like Java and Python are also great for beginners, and they also have a wide range of applications.

What are the 3 key programming concepts? ›

The three basic programming constructs
  • sequence is the order in which instructions occur and are processed.
  • selection determines which path a program takes when it is running.
  • iteration is the repeated execution of a section of code when a program is running.

Which topic is best for project? ›

Best Capstone Engineering Project Ideas
  • Transmitting and Storing Geological Data.
  • Making a Self-Balancing Robot.
  • A Robotic Arm.
  • Water Heater Fuelled by Biomass.
  • Uphill Wheelchairs.
  • Playground for Children with Disabilities.
  • Stair Climbing Wheelchair.
  • Remote Controlled Car.
10 May 2022

What are some small projects? ›

Other examples of small projects include the following:
  • Developing a training course.
  • Implementing a project office.
  • Implementing a purchased software application.
  • Enhancing an existing information system.
  • Developing a website.
  • Evaluating an existing practice.
  • Developing a strategy.
  • Developing a project proposal.

How can I get projects for free? ›

Click on the Go to Setup button, and a new tab will open to your Microsoft account page. Click on the Download and Install Software link. You will be redirected to the Apps & Devices page in your Microsoft account. Click the Install Now button next to the listing for Project.

Is 1 hour of coding a day enough? ›

People assume that one needs to invest a tremendous amount of time to learn to code, and that's actually not the case. It is true that the more time you put in, the faster you'll learn, but if you're okay with a longer timeframe, an hour a day is plenty.

Is coding boring job? ›

Coding is Not Boring.

The short answer to the question “is coding boring?” is—quite simply—”no.” Of course personal preferences can vary, but coding is so not boring for so many people that you'll even find coders jumping to the profession from much flashier sounding backgrounds.

How stressful is coding? ›

Coding is fun but can be stressful, especially when starting out. If not properly controlled, the stress induced from coding can lead to anxieties, depression and re-occurring burnout.

Is coding a skill or talent? ›

It is a skill,Because everyone can learn programming language (which is a tool) but implementing the correct algorithm is where it comes. So programming is a skill which everyone can develop.

Is 12 a good age to start coding? ›

Kids as young as 7 years of age can start coding and learning programming basics. In fact, coding for kids has gained popularity rapidly in recent years as technology becomes increasingly part of everyday life. Kids who learn to code when they're young can set themselves up for a lifetime of opportunities for success.

How many hours a day should I code? ›

On average, you should spend about 2 – 4 hours a day coding. However, efficient coding practice isn't really about the depth of time spent writing or learning codes but rather benchmarked on the individual's consistency over a given time.

Can you code at 50? ›

Let's get this out of the way: no, you are not too old to program. There isn't an age limit on learning to code, and there never was. But all too often, insecurity and uncertainty compel older adults to put a ceiling on their achievement potential.

Do I own the code I write? ›

In general, the author of content owns the copyright. In the case of a software developer, it's the person physically typing on the key board to create the code. An exception occurs under the “Work for Hire” doctrine where the work is developed by an employee with the scope of their employment.

How do you know if I like coding? ›

Consider your career goals and interests. Coding could be a good option If working in technology appeals to you. If you enjoy thinking logically to solve puzzles and engaging in the creative side of your mind to develop new programs and apps, then coding could be an ideal career.

What pays more Python or C++? ›

C++ vs Python Salaries: C++

According to Indeed, C++ developer salaries average $117,000 a year. Python developer salaries average $109,000 a year. These salaries do vary, but in general, the top-paid C++ developer is likely to make more than the top-paid Python developer.

Who earns more Java or C++? ›

However, C++ developers are considered specialized, so salary tends to be a bit higher than Java developers.

Which pays more Java or Python? ›

Both java and python are well-paid programming languages but somehow python developers get paid more than java developers.

Is Python enough to get a job? ›

Python is used in many different areas. You can search for a job as a Python developer, data scientist, machine learning specialist, data engineer, and more. These jobs are interesting and in-demand. And, like other Python jobs, they pay good salaries.

Is C++ still in demand 2022? ›

It is a versatile language, so it remains in high demand amongst professionals, such as software developers, game developers, C++ analysts and backend developers, etc. As per the TIOBE index of 2022, C++ lies at 4th position in the world's most popular language.

Is C++ or Python better for jobs? ›

Both Python and C++ programmers would find it very easy to find a job. However, the hiring volume for Python is far greater than that of C++. As of 2022. Because of this, it appears that C++ being the older language has outlived its days in glory.

Does NASA use C++? ›

NASA has used many different programming languages ​​throughout its history. Even today, different computer programs are used for different applications. For example, HAL / S has been used for many NASA spacecraft, including the Space Shuttle. Today, ground computers use languages ​​such as C ++, Python and MATLAB.

Why C++ is powerful than Python? ›

C++ is faster than Python because it is statically typed, which leads to a faster compilation of code. Python is slower than C++, it supports dynamic typing, and it also uses the interpreter, which makes the process of compilation slower.

Can C++ make AI? ›

C++ Software is capable to develop high-end native AI applications on different operating systems including High DPI UI elements, multi-threaded applications can be integrated with camera and other sensors like peripherals of the device of that operating system, they can be supported with the faster 2D and 3D ...

What are good projects for a programming portfolio? ›

  • 5 Best Coding Projects To Add To Your Portfolio And Actually Get Hired. The only projects you need on your portfolio— a list curated by researching the portfolios of successful Software Engineers on Twitter. ...
  • A Dating App. ...
  • An E-Commerce Store. ...
  • A Food Delivery App. ...
  • A Social Media App. ...
  • A Video Chat Web App.
16 Apr 2022

How do I make fun coding? ›

Just having the thought of doing anything you desire already makes it much more interesting than before.
  1. 7 Ways To Make Programming Fun For Beginners. ...
  2. Be Thorough With the Fundamentals. ...
  3. Don't Just Learn. ...
  4. Get the Help of a Mentor. ...
  5. Take Sufficient Breaks. ...
  6. Get Plenty of Feedbacks. ...
  7. Treat Yourself To Some Challenges.
27 Nov 2021

What are good projects for students? ›

  • Reading/Writing Projects. Students read, comprehend and interpret specific books, novels, plays, poems, etc., often around themes. ...
  • Information-Data Organizing Projects. ...
  • Major Investigation Projects. ...
  • Design Projects. ...
  • Problem Solving/Decision Making Projects. ...
  • “Argumentation” Projects. ...
  • Real World, Authentic Projects.

Is doing projects the best way to learn programming? ›

Building projects is the best way to learn — but you don't have to dive straight into creating a project that feels impossible to start, let alone finish. There are fun, tangible ways you can shift from just taking tutorials to confidently building your own projects.

What is a good frontend project? ›

List of Front End Projects for Beginners. URL Shortening Landing Page. Single Price Grid Component. Intro-Component with Signup Form. Pricing Component with Toggle.

What should my passion project be? ›

Common types of passion projects include starting a small business or a nonprofit, writing a blog or book, initiating a community project, doing independent research, or inventing something.

Can coding be boring? ›

Coding is Not Boring.

The short answer to the question “is coding boring?” is—quite simply—”no.” Of course personal preferences can vary, but coding is so not boring for so many people that you'll even find coders jumping to the profession from much flashier sounding backgrounds.

How can I code without getting bored? ›

Here are 5 cool ways to beat boredom while coding. Every data scientist enjoys coding.
5 Kickass ways to beat boredom while coding
  1. Use Pomodoro technique. ...
  2. Keep your code and your life separate. ...
  3. Practice mindfulness and meditation. ...
  4. Work and vibe.
10 Oct 2021

What are student led projects? ›

The idea behind student-led project-based learning is that students themselves design and lead personalized PBL experiences. Students might design projects around a specific subject or theme or around standards or targets. Or they design project-based learning experiences around their interests.

What are projects for college students? ›

Project work is a series of activities that allows the students to study,do research and act by themselves using their abilities, interests, personal experience and aptitiudes. The Project Work Progresses under the guidance and monitoring of a Teacher or other Adviser.


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