The education system in Pakistan, challenges, steps, and recommendations (2023)

Education System in Pakistan

The Pakistani Constitution has had point that all children between the ages of 5 and 16 will have free and compulsory education and that adult literacy mustbe improved.

From the very beginning of Pakistan in 1947, we have always considered education as the primary goal of our policies because only education can change the fortune of our beloved country. However, unfortunately, among most of our threats, quality of education in Pakistan is one of them. But how can we change the current educational policy of Pakistan?

The answers are unfolded within this blog.

The current literacy statistics of Pakistan in 2022:

As of January 2022, Pakistan plans to raise literacy status by educating the number of students in different classes and ages. Government plans to lift literacy from 58% to 70% in four years and will give access to 22.8 million students. Referring to the Ministry of Federal Education Professional training, the current literacy rate is 62.3, which means that a projected population of 60 million is illiterate in the country.

What Is Meant by the Education System?

The education system includes all institutions that offer formal education (public and private, for-profit and nonprofit, or virtual training), as well as its teachers, students, physical infrastructure, resources, and standards.

In a broader sense, the system includes institutions that are actively involved in the funding, management, operation, or regulation of institutions such as government ministries, regulatory agencies, central testing organisations, and textbook boards).

(Video) Higher Education in Pakistan, key problems and possible solutions

The norms and regulations that regulate individual and institutional interactions within the framework are also a part of Pakistan’s educational system.

An Examination Of Pakistani Education System

Pakistan has stated its commitment to promoting education and literacy in the country through domestic education policy and participation in international education initiatives.

In this context, national education policies are visions that propose solutions to boost literacy rates, expand capacity, and improve facilities in schools and educational institutions.

Challenges for Education System in Pakistan

The challenges lead to a better knowledge of the issues that have arisen in the growth of the educational system and the promotion of literacy. The paper outlines seven key issues, which are as follows:

  • Inadequate Planning:

Pakistan is a participant to the MDGs and EFA targets. However, it appears that it will be unable to meet these international obligations due to financial management challenges and impediments to achieving itstargets.

  • Social constraints:

It is critical to recognise that the problems that impede providing education are not just the result of administration issues by the government but that some of them are firmly grounded in the people’s social and cultural orientation. Overcoming the latter is tough and will need a shift in people’s attitudes; until then, comprehensive primary education will be hard to reach.

(Video) Does Pakistan's Higher Education System Need Reform? Educationist Tariq Banuri

  • Gender gap:

Next comes the gender gap. Poverty, cultural barriers, and potential illiteracy are one way, but families are concerned about their girl’s safety are major issues that lead to the lower enrollment of girls compared to boys. Another issue is early marriages of girls; mobility and the social mindset of families limit the enrollment of girls in schools and colleges.

The enrollment of rural females is 45 percent lower than that of urban girls, whereas the difference for boys is just 10 per cent, indicating that the gender gap is a significant factor.

  • Cost of education:

The economic cost of education is greater in private schools, although they are only found in more affluent areas. The paradox is that while private schools are better than government schools, they are not available everywhere. In contrast, public schools give fair access but do not deliver excellent education.

  • War on Terror:

Pakistan’s connection in the war on terrorism has had an impact on the development of literacy campaigns. In Balochistan, KPK, and FATA, terrorists targeted schools and students, blowing up multiple educational facilities and killing students and teachers. This may not have as large of an impact as other elements, but it is still significant.

  • Lack ofTechnical Education:

Technical and vocational education in Pakistan has received little emphasis. The number of technical and vocational training institutes is insufficient, and many lack facilities, teachers, and training instruments. A state’s population is one of the most important components of its national strength. Once proficient, it may be an asset.

A lack of technical education leads to an increase in the number of unemployed individuals in the country, which has an impact on national development strategy. As a result, the government must prioritize technical education.

(Video) Pakistan's Higher Education: Problems and Solutions


  1. Technical education should be added in secondary education. The syllabus must include carpentry, manual, and other technical education classes.
  2. By offering financial help to students may encourage their parents to enrol their children to school, hence it would be helpful in lowering the dropout rate.
  3. The local government system aids in the promotion of education and literacy in the country. The money for education in the local government educational programs and system can be used on a basis of need in the community.
  4. Corruption in education agencies is one of the causes of the country’s low literacy rate. In educational departments, there is a strong need for an effective monitoring system.
  5. In order for any system to function properly, the necessary structures must be created. Legislation and structure should be developed to plan for the advancement of education in the country. Education has been a provincial concern since the 18th amendment; consequently, the provinces must enact legislation and develop educational programs to provide an excellent education system of Pakistan.
  6. Unemployment among educated men and women is critical in Pakistan and should be resolved. Career counselling should be provided to students in schools so that they understand the employment market and may improve their abilities properly.
  7. Parental counselling is essential so that their child can pick a marketable professional path.
  8. There are two ways to obtain an education: The first step, which many people in Pakistan take, is to gain an education in order to make a living. The second strategy is to pursue education for the sake of personal growth and learning. This is the method used by rich and financially secure people who send their children to private schools and overseas for education. The first situation comes When low-income families send their children to private schools and colleges.
  9. This desire to send youngsters to higher education is misguided because the country does not require simply managers and officials. There are various additional professions that require manpower. As a result, the mindset of sending one’s children to university just to become officers and managers must be addressed.

Contribution of superior group in Pakistani Education System

Superior Group is one of the largest education networks in Pakistan. This group owns multiple campuses of School, Colleges and Universities where thousands of students are filling their educational hunger.

It has spread branches of educational institutes, like colleges and schools. For higher education, Superior has a university that imparts knowledge in various fields.

The Spirit School

Spirit School consists of 400+ campuses throughout Pakistan. Spirit schools offer primary, middle and secondary level education and offer quality education at comparative reachable fees. To give quality education and believe in egalitarian philosophy, Spirit school has spread its branches and campuses in remote areas to promote quality education in Pakistan at primary level.

Superior Colleges:

Superior Colleges have more than 250 campuses all over Pakistan offering different intermediate programs, Ics, Icom, FA, Associate Degree program(ADP). Superior Colleges not only offer quality education, this colleges enhance their students’ extra curricular activities through their cultural & sports activities. They offer various scholarships to their bright and needy students.

Superior University

Superior University is one of the top universities in Pakistan. First university campus established in 2000. Superior University now has multiple campuses. SU offers a wide range of Bachelors, Masters & PhDs degrees. They focuses on IQ and EQ intelligence education. Superior university has Separate CSIT Campus, Medical campuses. More than 8000 students are currently enrolled in different degree programs at SU.

The education system in Pakistan, challenges, steps, and recommendations (1)

(Video) Education system and its challenges in Pakistan I Lecture I

By looking at the current educational situation of Pakistan, Superior Group SGC has analysed the steps to be taken to uplift the literacy rate in Pakistan. It has grown to develop a broader focus on improving the quality of education in Pakistan.

The institute provides full support in improving students’ capacity and maintaining student-teacher relations by offering training certifications and diplomas through its online and on-campus sessions.

The Superior university prides itself in offering and delivering diverse professional and educational programs to uplift the skills of youth according to their needs and requirements.

All programs are centred around developing critical thinking, students’ problems, and their solutions, creativity, more moral values, and creating a sense of responsibility to become good citizens of the community. So the teachers have contributed greatly to achieving the best goals in an educational environment.

Our institutional and professional programs meet all the problems of education facing today and project its new programs to give youth the basic idea of earning. Thus, Superior university produces businessmen and entrepreneurs for the future age.

Our social outreach programs have a combined flavour of both theory and practice and strengthen the educational system from school to university.

(Video) How can we improve our Education System | Significance | Weakness | Suggestions

Keeping in view our aim of empowering superior human beings, we work on a broader perspective to enhance the education system in Pakistan.


The government cannot overhaul Pakistan’s education system alone; public-private collaboration and a combination of formal and non-formal education can lift the majority of the country’s population out of illiteracy. The Superior Grouphas developed an initiative to provide state of the art education without discrimination of their status.


How can Pakistan improve its education system? ›

The first thing that needs to be done is to improve the quality of teachers. This can be done by providing better training and incentives for them. The government should also focus on recruiting more qualified teachers, who are passionate about teaching rather than just earning a salary from the job.

What are the challenges of education in Pakistan? ›

They include inadequate and uneven access to schools, low quality of public education services, and insufficient and inefficient fiscal outlay to the education sector. Further investment and reforms are needed to widen access and increase enrollment and completion at primary and secondary education.

What is the current situation of education in Pakistan? ›

Nearly 23 million Pakistani children aged 5 to 16 do not attend school. Aside from teacher shortages, distance to school and safety are the largest barriers to accessing education in rural areas, with 29 percent of parents saying that schools are simply too far away.

How can we solve problems in education? ›

How to approach school problems with teachers
  1. Pause to calm down. ...
  2. Be a positive role model. ...
  3. Speak respectfully. ...
  4. Go through the right channels. ...
  5. Avoid defensiveness. ...
  6. Identify the problem. ...
  7. Identify wants, needs and concerns. ...
  8. Come up with possible solutions.
Sep 10, 2021

What does Pakistan need to improve? ›

Pakistan should aim to improve the livability of its cities and provide access to quality public services such as affordable housing, reliable water supply and other public services. Green public spaces must be developed, and the education system strengthened to enhance the labor market.

How can we improve curriculum in Pakistan? ›

Some recommendations for improvement in situation are to develop curriculum of secondary level keeping in view the societal needs and demands, to maintain a strict selection criteria for teachers at secondary level with attractive incentives, to deploy effective and efficient administration in schools with democratic ...

What are the main challenges of education? ›

Consider this list of 10 major challenges currently facing public schools, based on the perspective of many involved in the world of education today.
  • Classroom Size.
  • Poverty.
  • Family Factors.
  • Technology.
  • Bullying.
  • Student Attitudes and Behaviors.
  • No Child Left Behind.
  • Parent Involvement.
May 18, 2022

What are challenges faced by our education system? ›

Challenges in the Education Industry: The Post-COVID Reality

The primary challenge is the imbalance between the efficiency, the pace of learning, quality, and overall learning experience in offline and online classes. There is a huge demand for lifelong learning to cope with social and technological changes.

What are the issues and challenges of education? ›

What are Issues in Education?
  • Standardized Tests Issues. Standardized tests are tests like the SAT, ACT, or IQ tests. ...
  • Inequity in Education Issues. For years, minority individuals have been fighting for equality, yet in education, inequity is still a persistent problem. ...
  • Adaptive Learning Issues.
Aug 11, 2022

What changes would you recommend to improve the education system? ›

Eliminate rote memorization practices by limiting use of exam guidebooks. Increase teacher-student contact hours to global standards. Prioritize technical, mathematical and scientific education. Conduct annual primary school census and biennial national assessment of G-3 and G-5 students.

What can you suggest to improve the quality of education? ›

To overcome these challenges and improve the quality of education, schools can evaluate the following factors:
  • Maintained infrastructure. ...
  • Pedagogy skills. ...
  • Quality of teachers. ...
  • Extra-curricular activities. ...
  • Proper implementation of a government initiative. ...
  • Assessment and evaluation tools. ...
  • Community building.
Sep 13, 2022

What is the 5 step process in education? ›

That's my 5-step classroom planning process. Know, Understand, Apply, Analyse (and evaluate) and Create.

Is the current education system of Pakistan is viable and effective? ›

Pakistan as a developing country has faced critical problems of education since its inception and therefore, the system of education has failed to deliver according to the aspirations of the nation. There are various factors responsible for this situation.

Which education system is best in Pakistan? ›

List of Best Schools in Pakistan
  • Beaconhouse School System. Beaconhouse school system has more than 30 sub-branches in different cities of Pakistan. ...
  • Lahore Grammar School. ...
  • Aitchison College. ...
  • The City School. ...
  • Roots Millennium School. ...
  • Karachi Grammar School. ...
  • Dar-e-Arqam Schools. ...
  • Pak-Turk International School.
Oct 5, 2022

How can we overcome lack of education in Pakistan? ›

  1. Technical education should be made a part of secondary education. ...
  2. Providing economic incentives to the students may encourage the parents to send their children to school and may help in reducing the dropout ratio.
  3. Local government system is helpful in promoting education and literacy in the country.
Mar 2, 2015

What are the 3 main issues problem to be resolved in the educational system in the Philippines? ›

These include high dropout rates, low pupil performance, poor teacher quality in a system where teachers are central to the education process, irrelevant learning materials, excessive centralization, and inadequate financial resources.

What are the main issues in education system? ›

10 Major Challenges Facing Public Schools
  • Classroom Size.
  • Poverty.
  • Family Factors.
  • Technology.
  • Bullying.
  • Student Attitudes and Behaviors.
  • No Child Left Behind.
  • Parent Involvement.
May 18, 2022

What causes lack of education in Pakistan? ›

Some of them are more prominent, such as low enrollment and high dropout rate at the primary level, different standards of education, low budget allocation for education sector, political interference, low quality of curricula and textbooks, rapid growth in population, poverty and unemployment, poor quality of teachers ...


1. @Qasim_Ali_Shah Four important Suggestions to Improve education system in pakistan
(Muhammad Shahid Iqbal Official)
2. 10 problems in education system of Pakistan
(Educational Roundup)
3. Education System in Pakistan | Education in Pakistan | Pakistan education system |pakistan education
(CSS Forum)
4. Education System of Pakistan|Issues|Problems and Solutions|article|essay|current situation|review
(Al Islam Academy)
5. Education Problems in Pakistan and their Solution | Education Issues in Pakistan
(Knowledge Topper)
6. Education in Pakistan:Problems and Solutions. Complete CSS/PMS ESSAY.
(Post 7 Isb Pk)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Edmund Hettinger DC

Last Updated: 18/06/2023

Views: 6295

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (58 voted)

Reviews: 81% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Edmund Hettinger DC

Birthday: 1994-08-17

Address: 2033 Gerhold Pine, Port Jocelyn, VA 12101-5654

Phone: +8524399971620

Job: Central Manufacturing Supervisor

Hobby: Jogging, Metalworking, Tai chi, Shopping, Puzzles, Rock climbing, Crocheting

Introduction: My name is Edmund Hettinger DC, I am a adventurous, colorful, gifted, determined, precious, open, colorful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.